|B) PROSTATITIS-infection & inflammation of the gland
Basically there are two kinds of prostatitis namely: Infectious (Bacterial) prostatitis and non-bacterial prostatitis.
Any man at any age can develop an infection or inflammation of the prostate gland, known as prostatitis
Prostatitis can affect young men in their prime of life. Though not deadly but it's not fun to have it either. A disabling disease that may have a drastic reduction in the quality of life, cause intense pain, urinary complications, sexual dysfunction and infertility. This infection can be just a one-time occurrence, or it can be chronic, persistent or recurrent. Bacteria or some other microorganism can cause the disease, or it can result from other factors other than bacteria.
Non-bacterial or non-infectious prostatitis. There are 2 categories:
a) Congestive prostatitis or Prostatostasis occurs when too much prostatic fluid, the milky fluid in semen, accumulates within the prostate gland rather than being ejaculated out through the penis. The gland is said to be congested.
b) Another conditions, Prostatodynia, in which pain "seems" to originate in the prostate but is much more likely to be coming from the muscles of the pelvic floor, from an inflammation in one or more of the pelvic bones, or from a disease in the rectum. Despite its name, prostatodynia really has nothing to do with the prostate.
Being a tough disease to diagnose, effective prostatitis treatment is sometimes difficult. This often leads to frustration for both patients and doctors. A patient may show a variety of symptoms which often include:
- Low back pain.
- Joint aches.
- Muscle aches.
- Burning upon urination.
- Frequent urination.
- Urgent urination.
- Generalized malaise.
- Pain deep in the rectum and scrotal areas.
At times the symptoms may also include fever or pain almost anywhere within the pelvis and scrotum. These above symptoms may be mild or overwhelming.
As previously mentioned, it can be caused by bacteria similar to those which cause other types of urinary infections. However, some men have no evidence of bacteria in their prostates, yet are thought to carry microorganisms (such as Chlamydia or Ureaplasma), which are harder to identify. Still some others have no evidence of any microorganisms at all. The reasons for their prostatitis symptoms are poorly understood and are possibly related to stress or congestion, certain medications such as cold remedies with antihistamines and decongestants may be a cause of symptoms too!